Montessori pedagogy is an educational concept developed by Maria Montessori.
Maria Montessori, a woman ahead of her time. Born in Italy in 1870, she was the first woman in Italy to graduate from medical school with a doctorate.
In the subsequent work with children with mental disabilities, she found that many were not underdeveloped at all, but were simply never properly encouraged. With toys/materials she developed herself (she called these work materials), she managed to stimulate the children's senses and positively influence their development. By observing the children's progress, she realized that every child wants to learn! All you need is the right material. This knowledge forms the basis of their concept, every child has an innate urge to learn. It wants to participate in life (including that of adults). The task of the adult is to prepare the learning environment for the child in such a way that it can use it independently.
Montessori pedagogy stands in contrast to conventional teaching methods. The child comes first. Each child is seen as an individual, unique and a respectable personality. It carries within itself what it needs to develop its personality. According to Montessori, one speaks of the "inner blueprint" of children. The task of the adults is to accompany the children and to arrange the conditions in such a way that the child can learn. The adults do not act as teachers, but as companions of learning.
The sentence "help me to do it myself' acts as a learning theme.
Children take learning for granted as long as the process is not interfered with from outside. This in turn means that, according to Montessori, problems can arise whenever adults interfere in the child's learning. If you want to dictate how, when, and what to learn—and then evaluate how well they do it. A child learns best through self-motivation.
The “blueprint” of each child nobody knows and it differs from child to child. It remains hidden from adults, at least until the child reveals it himself. Adults can only recognize a child's "blueprint" by observation. What is the child interested in? How are things going? What talents does it show? What support is it looking for? Based on these findings, the appropriate Montessori materials can be made available to him.
According to Maria Montessori, every child goes through various developmental tasks until they are 18 years old. At each stage, it learns specific skills and develops specific competencies. According to Montessori, within these stages of development there are still so-called sensitive phases - in these phases the child is particularly open to learning certain skills (see blog entry "Sensitive phases according to Maria Montessori).
The main goal of Montessori pedagogy is that the child can grow into an independent, prudent, independent, self-acting human being.